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Bronchiectasis, light photomicrograph showing dilated and distorted bronchus containing pus

Bronchiectasis: diagnosis, treatment and managementSubscription

Bronchiectasis is a common chronic disease where the airways of the lungs become abnormally widened. Patients present with recurrent cough, sputum production and are at risk of respiratory tract infections. Pharmacists and healthcare professionals need to be aware of the latest management strategies.

Pharmacogenomics concept

Pharmacogenomics: an overview

With the NHS working towards the integration of personalised medicine, in particular, aiming for whole-genome sequencing to be standard for specific conditions by 2020, it is important for pharmacists and healthcare professionals to be aware of the principles of pharmacogenomics and its evolving application into clinical practice.

pregnant woman diabetes finger prick lancet blood ss 17

Managing diabetes in women during preconception and pregnancySubscription

Diabetes in pregnancy is associated with risks to the woman and to the developing foetus. Pharmacists and healthcare professionals need to be able to support and educate women who are planning pregnancy and those who are already pregnant to manage their diabetes.

Clinician check a man's foot using a mirror

The diabetic foot

Diabetes-related foot problems are common, and negatively impact patients’ quality of life, so it is important that pharmacists are aware of symptoms and the relevant care pathways for these patients to ensure they receive the best care and education regarding how to manage their condition. Produced in partnership with RB.

Micrograph of non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL)

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and diabetes: diagnosis, assessment and management

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the term for a range of conditions caused by a build-up of fat in the liver. The condition is thought to be highly prevalent; however, the dearth of symptoms during early disease and the lack of a specific diagnostic test make it difficult to detect and manage at an early stage. This presents a considerable challenge for healthcare professionals.

SEM of activated platelets

Heparin-induced thrombocytopeniaSubscription

Heparin is widely used for thromboprophylaxis or as a treatment in many clinical situations, however, it can cause serious adverse effects. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), an immune-mediated adverse drug reaction, is associated with high morbidity and mortality if undiagnosed.

Xray showing chronic oedema in the lower limb

Chronic oedema: treatment and the impact of prescribed medicinesSubscription

Early diagnosis of lower limb oedema is crucial to prevent early oedema becoming chronic. Pharmacists and other healthcare professionals are ideally placed to identify patients on certain medicines at higher risk of oedema, and should be aware of signs of chronic oedema when assessing patients to allow for prompt referral.

Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of tuberculosis (TB) bacteria infecting macrophages

Fluoroquinolones for treating tuberculosisSubscription

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant global health and socioeconomic challenge. The duration of current anti-TB therapies, the adverse effects of certain anti-TB drugs and the growing problem of drug-resistant TB on an international scale mean that it is imperative for new, effective and safe treatment regimens to be developed. Fluoroquinolones are a class of drugs that have been used in the treatment of TB for several decades. This article provides an overview of the current treatment ...

Action of serotonin reuptake inhibitors

Depression in adults: recognition and management

Pharmacists and healthcare professionals should be able to recognise the symptoms of depression in people who use their services and direct them towards accessing treatment. This article examines how a diagnosis of depression is made, the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments available, specific considerations for different patient groups, self-management approaches, and the role of the pharmacy team in managing and supporting patients who have symptoms of depression.

Micrograph of multiple myeloma tumour cells (green) and bone cells (red) growing on a scaffold made of silk protein (purple), designed to resemble bone material

Multiple myeloma: pharmacological management

Although multiple myeloma is currently regarded as being incurable in the majority of patients, the outlook for patients diagnosed with the condition has improved markedly over the last 40 years, with survival rates quadrupling. Significant advances in both treatment and supportive therapies have contributed to these improved outcomes and are discussed in this article.

More CPD modules

man applying eye drops ss 17

Pharmacy Technician's Guide - Advice for applying dry eye treatments

In order to get the most from eye treatments, it is important to apply them effectively and store them correctly.

blepharitis inflammation eyelid wi 17

Pharmacy Technician's Guide - Blepharitis: managing eyelid inflammation

Pharmacists should advise patients to maintain good lid hygiene to manage blepharitis. Antibiotic drops or ointments, or low-dose antibiotic courses should be considered if hygiene changes are ineffective.

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Pharmacy Technician's Guide - Dry eye disease: preservative versus preservative-free products

Many over-the-counter products for dry eye disease contain preservatives. These can help make products last longer once opened and mean products can be available in multi-dose packaging.

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Pharmacy Technician's Guide - Treating more severe cases of dry eye disease

Specialist intervention may be required for patients who have severe dry eye disease, or if the condition does not respond to artificial tears or other treatment.

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Highlights of CPD and learning in 2017Subscription

Try our quiz, with questions taken from this year’s learning and CPD articles, and check your knowledge of subjects ranging from sepsis and skin cancer to coeliac disease.

woman eye drops ss 17

Pharmacy Technician's Guide - Advising patients on the prevention and treatment of dry eye disease

Over-the-counter treatments for dry eye disease are available in several different formulations including drops, gels, creams, ointments and sprays. Some of these formulations are known as ‘artificial tears’.

dry red eye ss 17

Pharmacy Technician's Guide - Dry eye disease: pathophysiology and risk factors

If a patient enters the pharmacy with eye symptoms, there are several questions pharmacy staff can ask to help find out whether their symptoms may be related to dry eye disease.

Close up of computer screen reflected on a man's eyeglasses

Computer vision syndrome: causes, symptoms and management in the pharmacy

Computer vision syndrome is a group of eye and vision-related problems that result from prolonged computer, tablet, e-reader and mobile phone use. Patients may present to pharmacies complaining of eye discomfort and vision problems, so pharmacists and pharmacy teams should be able to distinguish the factors involved for particular patients

Legal and illegal drugs

Clinical management of drug misuse and dependence: an updateSubscription

July 2017 saw publication of the fourth edition of ‘Drug misuse and dependence: UK guidelines on clinical management’, also known as the Orange Book, which provides guidance that supports healthcare professionals in the field of dependence on illicit and licit medicines. Pharmacists and pharmacy teams should be aware of this online-only update and what the changes mean for practice.

Close up of blood spot test board

Hepatitis C and the potential for care delivery in community pharmacySubscription

Community pharmacists are uniquely placed to deliver hepatitis C virus testing and treatment, and could help efforts in reaching the World Health Organization target for elimination of the disease by 2030.

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